Posts Tagged 'Humanitarian'

Stranded in Africa Part 3 – Rwanda Trials and Looking Back

Travel Blog By Danielle Skinner and Hadley White

(Note: Danielle and Hadley are blogging from northern Tanzania while caught in worldwide flight delays. Yesterday they visited the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda)

Giraffes stand by Lake Manyara during our weekend safari, April 16, 2010

Giraffes stand by Lake Manyara during our weekend safari, April 16, 2010

After a busy couple of days, and then waking up to a downpour of rain, we decided to stay in Arusha on Thursday and see what activities we could do indoors. April is the rainy season in Tanzania–we have been pretty lucky with the weather though. It rains a little each morning, but by afternoon it usually clears up and the strong sun comes out. We’ve repeatedly noted how beautiful the clouds are here, especially contrasted with the green and brown earth when you get outside of the city.

After enjoying sandwiches and fresh squeezed mango juice at the Africafe (a popular coffee shop/restaurant in downtown Arusha), we headed over to the Arusha International Conference Center (AICC), where we were all of last week for the 2010 International Military HIV/AIDS Conference. This time, we wanted to see if we could drop in for an open session of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which is being held there. This international court was established in 1994 by the United Nations Security Council to prosecute people responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda in 1994. The tribunal has been located in Arusha since 1995.

We tried to see a trial at the AICC earlier in the week, but were asked to leave when a protected witness did not feel comfortable speaking in a public session. This time, we attended a trial of three detainees who were former executive leaders of the Mouvement Republicain pour la Demoncratie et le Developpment (MRND). They are accused of joining with other extremist groups within the military, MRND, and “Hutu Power’ parties to seize control of the government following the assassination of President Habyarimana and creating a corps of militia that would respond to their orders to attack and destroy the Tutsi population.

We watched the session behind a glass wall, and headphones were provided to us for translations, as the trial is conducted simultaneously in English, French, and Kinyarwanda. It was very interesting to see how the trials were run and to hear the witnesses speak. One of the defendants’ witnesses was Ferdinand Nahimana who was sentenced to 30 years for publishing articles and ordering broadcasts for Radio Rwanda encouraging people to rise up against the Tutsis.  We could immediately tell he was well-spoken and extremely good at evading

the prosecutor’s questions.  The prosecutor even described him as “a man of words, who manipulates words to fit the situation.”

Nahimana was questioned for most of the session, by both the prosecutor and the defendant. What struck us the most was the fact that this particular trial had been going on since 2005, still without a resolution. Incredible.

So now that Friday is here (Hadley’s birthday!), we are getting ready to leave Tanzania with bittersweet feelings. Our flight is scheduled to depart at 9:30pm tonight, so feel free to send good vibes our way. We are looking forward to getting back to Stuttgart, as well as discovering clean clothes again, but we are also sad to leave Arusha, where we are starting to feel like we have become permanent residents here. We’ve loved learning all that we have about this city and Tanzanian culture. At dinner last night we reflected on everything we did over the past two weeks, including: learning about military HIV/AIDS issues at the health conference last week; visiting a busy HIV/AIDS voluntary testing and counseling center in Arusha; seeing almost 30 animals including giraffes, lions, elephants, and zebras on a weekend safari; visiting local markets; meeting with and learning about the Maasai people; becoming the proud owners of custom-made tire shoes; hiking around the base of Mt. Kilimanjaro; and engaging with many wonderful people here, not only from Tanzania, but from all over the world. It’s absolutely exceeded our expectations!

We hope we have the opportunity to return to Tanzania again someday, and next time we’ll be prepared with our gear so we can climb Kilimanjaro!

See Part 1 at Stranded in Africa – Opportunity to Explore

See Part 2 at Stranded in Africa Part 2 – The Road to Kilimanjaro

See Photos at Stranded in Africa

Danielle Skinner works for the U.S. Africa Command Public Affairs Office. Hadley White works for U.S. AFRICOM’s Outreach Directorate.

A choir welcomes us to the Arusha Lutheran Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center, April 14, 2010

A choir welcomes us to the Arusha Lutheran Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center, April 14, 2010

Lab technicians show us their testing center at the Arusha Lutheran Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center, April 14, 2010

Lab technicians show us their testing center at the Arusha Lutheran Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center, April 14, 2010

Monument in Arusha

Monument in Arusha

View of the Ngorogoro Crater, April 17, 2010

View of the Ngorogoro Crater, April 17, 2010

A zebra stands in a field of flowers at the Ngorogoro Crater, during our weekend safari, April 17, 2010

A zebra stands in a field of flowers at the Ngorogoro Crater, during our weekend safari, April 17, 2010

Zebras and wildebeasts rest in the Ngorogoro Carter, April 17, 2010

Zebras and wildebeasts rest in the Ngorogoro Crater, April 17, 2010

Lions rest on a hot day in the Ngorogoro Crater, April 17, 2010

Lions rest on a hot day in the Ngorogoro Crater, April 17, 2010

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USAFRICOM-related news stories (From the Beltway/From and About Africa)

Recent Publications on Somalia, Chad, Sudan, Nigeria, Kenya, Ivory Coast, DR Congo, Senegal, Libya, Rwanda


NATO provides airlift support to African Union Mission in Somalia(AMISOM) (NATO)

In response to the African Union request for strategic airlift support to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the USA has conducted airlift missions under the NATO banner in support of the Ugandan troop rotations.

Somali Piracy Attacks on the Decline (Mshale News)

With the cooperation of the international shipping industry, there has been steady progress in the fight against maritime piracy off the east coast of Africa, a senior U.S. official told reporters March 19.

Talks to open on UN peacekeeping mission to Chad (AFP)

N’DJAMENA, Chad – Talks were due to start on Wednesday between a UN delegation and the Chadian authorities on the withdrawal of the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT), an official said Tuesday.

For additional relevant articles of interest, go to: http://www.scribd.com/doc/28843391/AFRICOM-Related-News-clips-March-24-2010http://www.scribd.com/doc/28846038/March-24-2010-US-Africa-Command-AFRICOM-Daily-Media-Update

AFRICOM-related news clips for 6 January 2010

US urges Guinea to restore civilian rule

 AFP – By Non-attributed Author

 5 January 2010

WASHINGTON (AFP) – Top US and French diplomats held talks in Morocco Tuesday with Guinea’s interim junta leader General Sekouba Konate about the need to restore civilian rule in Conakry, a US spokesman said.

http://bit.ly/5PKmFt

 Nigeria chafes at tougher U.S. air security rule

 Reuters – By Camillus Eboh

 5 January 2010

ABUJA (Reuters) – Nigeria urged the United States on Tuesday to reconsider its decision to require tighter security for Nigerian air travelers in the wake of the botched bombing of a Detroit-bound airliner.

http://bit.ly/4KG9MH

 Major U.S. Company Divests Over Rights Violations

AllAfrica.com – By Melissa Britz

 5 January 2010

A major American financial services company, TIAA-CREF, has divested from four Asian energy companies doing business with the Sudanese government due to concerns about human rights violations in the country.

http://bit.ly/7q0gSD

 U.N. stops food aid to 1 million in Somalia

Associated Press – By Non-attributed Author

5 January 2010

HARGEISA, Somalia – The U.N. food agency on Tuesday suspended the distribution of aid in southern Somalia because of attacks on its staff, a decision affecting up to 1 million people that highlights the dangers of humanitarian work there.

http://bit.ly/6GaPuo

 South Sudan vote could lead to war, says top adviser

Reuters – By Non-attributed Author

5 January 2010

KHARTOUM (Reuters) – South Sudan’s vote on independence next year will lead to a new war unless key questions of the north-south border, nationality and external debts are resolved, a senior presidential adviser said.

http://bit.ly/4EyRpi

 DR Congo’s national army takes control of Enyele insurgents

Xinhua – By Non-attributed Author

5 January 2010

KINSHASA, Jan. 5 (Xinhua) — The national army of the Democratic Republic of Congo has taken control of a stronghold from Enyles insurgents, who are held responsible for the recent bloodshed in the northwestern region of Dongo.

http://bit.ly/7xXd5n

 UN News Service Africa Briefs

Full Articles on UN Website

5 January 2010

 * National police undertake UN-backed pre-election training in Darfur

* Uptick in attacks forces UN food agency to shut down programmes in Somalia

*  UN helping to monitor volcanic eruption in eastern DR Congo

* UN envoy urges Sudan to work for stability, security in 2010

* DR Congo: UN rushes food to thousands displaced by ethnic fighting

http://bit.ly/50BxQb


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