Posts Tagged 'Djibouti'

Africa Snapshot: Djibouti

Located on the Horn of Africa, the Republic of Djibouti shares borders with Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia.  The country sits on the Bab el Mandeb Strait, which separates the Red Sea from the Gulf of Aden. Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977, but keeps close ties with the European nation.  More than 75% of its population lives in urban areas.

Population: According to the CIA Factbook, the estimated population for July 2012 will be 774,389. The entire country is almost as big as the state of Massachusetts.

Languages: Most Djiboutians are multilingual; Arabic and French are the official languages of Djibouti, but Somali is the most widely spoken language. Afar is spoken in the Afar areas.

Religion: 94% of the population is Muslim, while 6% is Christian.

History: Early history of Djibouti was recorded through poems and songs. The earliest natives traded hides and skins for perfumes and other goods with people in Egypt, India and China.  Because of its proximity to the Arabian Peninsula,

the Somali and Afar tribes were the first on the continent to adopt Islam.

The French became increasingly interested in the area, then named French Somaliland, after the Suez Canal opened in 1869.    Trade flourished, and a new Franco-Ethiopian railway further increased trade relations. France struggled to maintain control of the region; after reorganizing, the colony was almost completely self-governed in the late 1950s.  In 1977, the colony became the Republic of Djibouti, and Hassan Gouled Aptidon was elected  the first president.  Djibouti still remains close to France, which provides economic aid and security.

Djibouti is the headquarters for the European Union’s “Atalanta” naval task force, which aids in the fight against piracy off the coast of Somalia. 

Economy: With few natural resources and little industry, Djibouti relies heavily on banking, telecommunications and trade. Due to its ideal location and status as a free-trade zone, Djibouti is considered to be the trade hub in the Horn of Africa. It is quite reliant on imported consumer products.  The Djibouti-Addis Abba railway is a crucial source of revenue for the country, especially since more than three-fifths of Djibouti’s workforce is unemployed.

Relationship with the United States: Djibouti has maintained a healthy relationship with the United States since its independence in 1977.  The U.S. has been instrumental in providing humanitarian aid to the country, particularly in famine relief.  In 2002, Djibouti agreed to host an American military presence of about 2,200 at Camp Lemonnier, a former French base.  The USAID’s Food for Peace program has a warehouse for pre-positioned emergency food relief in Djibouti.  It is the only one of its kind outside of the continental United States.


Sources: CIA Factbook , Brittanica Online , U.S. Department of State Background Note – Djibouti

Results: Your favorite AFRICOM-related photo of March

Thanks to everyone who voted on their favorite AFRICOM-related photo in March. View the five contenders here, which represent a variety of efforts the U.S. is engaged in Africa, including well development, relationship building with our partner nations, theater security cooperation and maritime security operations.

The results are in, and the winner is …

… this well-drilling photo by Master Sgt. Hector Garcia of the U.S. Army 257th Engineer Team in Djibouti

U.S. Army Sgt. Clayburn Johnson (left) and Spc. Michael Knee (right), U.S. Army 257th Engineer Team members, observe the well development process of the second of four newly drilled wells just outside Camp Lemonnier here, March 12. This project allowed the team to evaluate the water tables in the aquifer and make plans for camp expansion. The well development project directly supports Camp Lemonnier’s initiative to identify alternative well locations and assist in development of camp infrastructure. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Hector Garcia)

Check out more photos by Master Sgt. Garcia in this photo album from the water drilling tests.

“The wells are part of a study to determine if pulling water from a beach aquifer is a viable option for removing Camp Lemonnier from the Djiboutian Fresh Water Aquifer and leaving that resource solely for the Djiboutians,” said U.S. Army Captain Joseph Bzdok, 257th Engineer Team commander. Read the full story here.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The runner-up for favorite March photo is …

… this United Nations-Armed Forces of Liberia photo by 1st Lt. Mark Lazan

An Armed Forces of Liberia soldier, right, jumps to receive the tip against his Pakistan opponent during a basketball match between the AFL’s Armed Forces Training Center and their United Nations Mission in Liberia counterparts at Camp Sandee Ware, Liberia, March 21. The game was the final event of a three-day sports festival between the two organizations. The AFL team defeated the UNMIL team 19-17, giving them the overall title. The two organizations also played each other in soccer (won by the AFL) and volleyball (won by the Pakistan-based UNMIL squad). (photo by 1st Lt. Mark Lazan)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Look for another monthly photographic round-up at the end of April. In the meantime, check out many more AFRICOM-related photos on our Flickr photostream.

All about CJTF-HOA

This is our third in a series of posts this week looking at some of AFRICOM’s component commands. Component commands are one part of a joint command like AFRICOM, which draws from all services and military specialties. Previously this week, we introduced you to U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) and U.S. Air Forces Africa. Today we look at our largest component, Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa.

History & Location Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa was first established at Camp Lejeune, N.C., on Oct. 19, 2002, and was part of Operation Enduring Freedom. The task force moved to Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti in May 2003.

Staff About 2,000 personnel are assigned to CJTF-HOA, including service members from each branch of the U.S. military, civilians, and representatives of coalition and partner countries.

Leadership Rear Admiral Michael T. Franken has served as the commander of CJTF-HOA since May 2011. His previous position was vice director, Strategy, Plans, and Policy (J5) at U.S. Central Command since 2008. Read his bio here.

Countries of focus The CJTF-HOA area of operations includes the countries of Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Djibouti, and Seychelles. The CJTF-HOA area of interest includes Yemen, Mauritius, Madagascar, Mozambique, Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

U.S. military checks on Djibouti wells

ALI ADDE, Djibouti (Feb. 9, 2012) – A local villager describes the usefulness and value of fresh water as U.S. Army Sergeant Major Richard Erickson, U.S. Army 257th Engineer Team, draws water from a well here, February 9. The 257th Engineer Team, in support of Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa, is visiting Ali Adde to conduct analysis of wells drilled by the U.S. military to assess their performance. Site data will help shape future water well-drilling operations. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Joseph A. Araiza/Released)

Mission  CJTF-HOA conducts operations to enhance partner nation capacity, promote regional stability, dissuade conflict, and protect U.S. and coalition interests.

Supporting development CJTF-HOA works with U.S. government agencies, especially Department of State and USAID, to support development in a wide variety of ways, including building and renovating schools, clinics and hospitals and supporting water resource development and waste management.

Recent events:

Key Engagement between Kenyan, U.S. Senior Enlisted Leaders The event, held at Camp Lemonnier on March 26-29, 2012, was hosted by CJTF-HOA Senior Enlisted Leader Chief Master Sergeant James E. Davis. The purpose of the visit, according to Davis, was to build partner nation capacity with Kenya’s senior enlisted leadership by demonstrating how U.S. enlisted members use their roles and responsibilities and the chain of command to execute the mission and take care of their people. full story | photos

U.S. Army 490th Civil Affairs Battalion Teaches Field Sanitation at Camp Lemonnier “The course is designed to help unit commanders protect their soldiers from food-, water-, air- and insect-borne diseases, as well as noise and inhalation hazards. It also teaches you how to properly apply pesticides and inspect for general food sanitation,” said U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Andre Moxley, 490th CABN FxSP preventive medicine non-commissioned officer and lead instructor for the course. full story | photos | video

Water drilling tests in Djibouti  “The wells are part of a study to determine if pulling water from a beach aquifer is a viable option for removing Camp Lemonnier from the Djiboutian Fresh Water Aquifer and leaving that resource solely for the Djiboutians,” said U.S. Army Captain Joseph Bzdok, 257th Engineer Team commander. full story | photos

Interested in learning more?  Visit the CJTF-HOA homepage or follow them on Facebook or Twitter (@CJTFHOA).

Vote for your favorite AFRICOM-related photo of March

Here are a few of our favorite photos from March from around U.S. Africa Command, our components and partner organizations and nations.  (You are also welcome to nominate a photo that’s not listed here, as long as it relates to U.S. Africa Command’s mission and the photo was taken in March.)

Which is your favorite and why?

Tell us your vote in the comments section. We’ll announce the winner next Monday.


USS Simpson performs daily operations

Senegal: USS Simpson performs daily operations

DAKAR, Senegal (Mar. 10, 2012) – Ensign Tom Callahan uses a laser rangefinder while standing junior officer of the deck watch aboard the guided-missile frigate USS Simpson (FFG 56) as the ship leaves Dakar after refueling. Simpson is conducting theater security cooperation and maritime security operations in the U.S. Naval Forces Africa area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jeff Troutman/Released)

Watch a slideshow of more photos from USS Simpson.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Liberia:

An Armed Forces of Liberia soldier, right, jumps to receive the tip against his Pakistan opponent during a basketball match between the AFL’s Armed Forces Training Center and their United Nations Mission in Liberia counterparts at Camp Sandee Ware, Liberia, March 21. The game was the final event of a three-day sports festival between the two organizations. The AFL team defeated the UNMIL team 19-17, giving them the overall title. The two organizations also played each other in soccer (won by the AFL) and volleyball (won by the Pakistan-based UNMIL squad).

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Djibouti:

U.S. Army Sgt. Clayburn Johnson (left) and Spc. Michael Knee (right), U.S. Army 257th Engineer Team members, observe the well development process of the second of four newly drilled wells just outside Camp Lemonnier here, March 12. This project allowed the team to evaluate the water tables in the aquifer and make plans for camp expansion. The well development project directly supports Camp Lemonnier’s initiative to identify alternative well locations and assist in development of camp infrastructure. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Hector Garcia)

View the photo album from the water drilling tests.

“The wells are part of a study to determine if pulling water from a beach aquifer is a viable option for removing Camp Lemonnier from the Djiboutian Fresh Water Aquifer and leaving that resource solely for the Djiboutians,” said U.S. Army Captain Joseph Bzdok, 257th Engineer Team commander. Read the full story here.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Benin: Daily life at the fish market

Staff Sgt. Olufemi Owolabi, U.S. Africa Command Public Affairs, covered the Maritime Safety and Security Conference hosted and facilitated by U.S. AFRICOM and the Africa Center. The seminar brings together nations of West and Central Africa to discuss maritime safety issues, including ways to combat piracy and illicit trafficking. Femi got to visit the fish market during a break. (U.S. Africa Command photo by Staff Sgt. Olufemi Owolabi)

Read a story about the Maritime Safety and Security Conference  gathering of representatives from Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Morocco: U.S. Soldiers Observe Training at Moroccan Field Artillery Center

MOROCCO, Mar 26, 2012 — In order to help improve the security of Morocco, 20 members of the 15th Royal Artillery Group purchased approximately 60 armored vehicles called M109A5 howitzers through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.

At the request of the Royal Moroccan Field Artillery Training Center, an artillery tactics military-to-military exercise was executed in the cities of Fes and Guercie, March 4-10, 2012 to help provide the Moroccan soldiers with training on the maintenance, safety and firing of the M109A5 system.

Read the story here.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Survey results: Sailor reenlisting is the favorite AFRICOM photo from February!

Congratulations to photographer Staff Sergeant Joseph A. Araiza!

Staff Sergeant Araiza’s photo was the runaway favorite for February photos in the area of responsibility for the U.S. Africa Command. Check out his terrific photo below of U.S. Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Geoff Shepelew reenlisting underwater off the coast of Djibouti.

This photo gathered 78% of the total votes, counting both online survey votes and blog comments. View the other contenders here.

Thanks to everyone for voting! Feel free to post photos you like relating to AFRICOM in March on our Facebook page, and look for the next photo survey in a month.

Serviccemember reenlists underwater

The winning photo

Off Djibouti: Sailor reenlists underwater

GULF OF TADJOURA, Djibouti (Feb. 12, 2012) – U.S. Navy Lieutenant Scott Pennoyer reads (right) U.S. Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Geoff Shepelew, both of the 221st Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 2, the Oath of Enlistment off the coast of Moucha Island, Djibouti, February 12. Shepelew chose to reenlist underwater while during his deployment to the Horn of Africa. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Joseph A. Araiza)

Vote for the Best AFRICOM Photo of February

Here are a few of our favorite photos from February. Vote for your favorite here or use the survey in the pop-up window!

USS Simpson arrives in Dakar for refueling

Senegal: USS Simpson arrives in Dakar for refueling

120207-N-IZ292-203: DAKAR, Senegal (Feb. 7, 2012) – Electronics Technician 3rd Class Jonathan Salas heaves a mooring line to a tugboat as the guided-missile frigate USS Simpson (FFG 56) arrives in Dakar for refueling. Simpson, homeported out of Mayport, Fla., is currently conducting theater security cooperation and maritime security operations in the Naval Forces Africa area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Felicito Rustique/Released)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Eleventh Marine Expeditionary Unit trains in Horn of Africa region

Eleventh Marine Expeditionary Unit trains in Horn of Africa region

Lance Cpl. Scott King takes a break during a patrol Jan. 29. The 19-year-old Riding Sun, Md., native operates an M88A2 recovery vehicle with Combat Logistics Battalion 11. The battalion provides logistics and services for the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit. The unit is currently deployed as part of the Makin Island Amphibious Ready Group, a U.S. Central Command theater reserve force providing support for maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. Navy’s 5th Fleet area of responsibility.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

USS Simpson community service project in Lagos

Nigeria: USS Simpson sailors distribute books as part of Africa Partnership Station (APS)

LAGOS, Nigeria (Feb. 16, 2012) – Musician 3rd Class Andrew Francisco, assigned to the Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe Band, plays the saxophone for school children from the Tomaro Junior Secondary School, while books were distributed by Sailors from the guided-missile frigate USS Simpson (FFG 56) in support of Africa Partnership Station (APS) 2012. APS is an international security cooperation initiative facilitated by Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa, aimed at strengthening global maritime partnerships through training and collaborative activities in order to improve maritime safety and security in Africa. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Felicito Rustique/Released)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Serviccemember reenlists underwater

Off Djibouti: Sailor reenlists underwater

GULF OF TADJOURA, Djibouti (Feb. 12, 2012) – U.S. Navy Lieutenant Scott Pennoyer reads (right) U.S. Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Geoff Shepelew, both of the 221st Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 2, the Oath of Enlistment off the coast of Moucha Island, Djibouti, February 12. Shepelew chose to reenlist underwater while during his deployment to the Horn of Africa. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Joseph A. Araiza)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Djibouti: U.S. military checks on wells

ALI ADDE, Djibouti (Feb. 9, 2012) – Villagers demonstrate how to draw water from a community well they dug by hand to U.S. Army Sergeant Major Richard Erickson, U.S. Army 257th Engineer Team here, February 9. The 257th Engineer Team, in support of Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa, is visiting Ali Adde to conduct analysis of wells drilled by the U.S. military to assess their performance. Site data will help shape future water well-drilling operations. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Joseph A. Araiza/Released)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Mali: Atlas Accord 2012

MOPTI, MALI — A Malian Air Force BT-67 drops helicopter boxes as part of aerial re-supply training during operation Atlas Accord near Mopti, Mali on Feb. 13, 2012. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Mark Henderson)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Which photo is your favorite? Vote here!

Djibouti’s Largest Hospital Receives Upgraded Medical Equipment from Camp Lemmonier

By U.S. Air Force Staff Sergeant Andrew Caya
CJTF-HOA Public Affairs

DJIBOUTI, Djibouti, Feb 14, 2012 — U.S. service members transferred two anesthesia machines from Camp Lemonnier’s Expeditionary Medical Facility to Peltier General Hospital in Djibouti, Djibouti, February 6, 2012.
The EMF upgraded their anesthesia capabilities, leaving the two machines as excess equipment. The excess machines were delivered to enhance Djiboutian medical care.

“It feels very nice to have the machines from Camp Lemonnier,” said Dr. Elias Said, Peltier General Hospital medical director. “Work can be done better and easier with them. They are smaller than the previous ones we have and can be easily (moved) from one room to another.”

“The hospital treats more than 2,000 emergency cases a year in five operating rooms; three which have the outdated machines,” Said stated. “Children will benefit from the equipment as the machines can be used in pediatric cases, unlike the older equipment,” he added.

The outdated anesthesia machines can be unsafe for patients, U.S. Navy Lieutenant (Doctor) Heather Yurka said. She said the newly-acquired machines are also more modern and increase patient safety during surgery.

Peltier General Hospital is a training hospital for the region, said Mark Mitchell, U.S. Agency for International Development Djibouti program officer. “Many doctors will be able to use these machines and train on them.”

Djiboutian citizens aren’t the only ones who work and train at Peltier General. Djiboutian and American medical staffs often exchange medical professional knowledge there.

Because of a 2008 cooperative agreement between Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa and Peltier General Hospital, Camp Lemonnier Expeditionary Medical Facility personnel enjoy a working relationship with the hospital.

Yurka stated that, under the agreement, she and EMF personnel exchange best practices with the hospital staff several times a week.

“We give surgical care to the individuals here,” Yurka said. “EMF personnel use this equipment here and train with the anesthesia techs and anesthesiologists on how to use and maintain the equipment. (The training) enables us to practice (medicine) the way we would in the United States.”

DJIBOUTI, Djibouti – Moustaoha Abdilldhi (left), a local anesthesia nurse, and U.S. Navy Lieutenant Heather Yurka, Camp Lemonnier anesthesiologist, set up an anesthesiology machine at Peltier General Hospital in Djibouti, Djibouti, February 6, 2012. U.S. service members delivered two anesthesiology machines from the camp to Peltier General Hospital. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Jonathan Steffen)

DJIBOUTI, Djibouti – U.S. Navy Lieutenant Heather Yurka, Expeditionary Medical Facility anesthesiologist at Camp Lemonnier, delivers one of two anesthesiology machines from the camp to Peltier General Hospital in Djibouti, Djibouti, February 6, 2012. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sergeant Jonathan Steffen)

What we’re saying on Twitter

Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Archives


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 103 other followers

%d bloggers like this: